{ bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, An object is a person or thing being talked about in a clause, like a subject, but it's not doing anything. 'buckets': [{ The main clause is 'I shall worry': it is, I think, rather feeble in view of what precedes it, a sad anticlimax to what was promising to be a fairly arresting sentence. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, It can be a simple sentence or a part of a compound sentence. type: "html5", You must have at least one main clause in every sentence. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. 'increment': 0.5, 2. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "My father bought a typewriter" is the main thought in the second sentence so it's the main clause. In sentence structure, the simple subject is the "who, what, or where" that comprises the main focus of the sentence. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, A main clause is a clause (group of words with a subject and verb in) that contains a subject and an object. The basic rule of thumb is to make sure the most important information goes into the main clause, while information that ties things together by providing description and nuance gets placed in a dependent clause. partner: "uarus31" In this phrases and clauses quiz you have to decide whether the highlighted part of the sentence is a phrase or a clause. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, 1. Main clauses are not dependent on any other clause in the sentence, and a sentence must have at least one main clause. Main clause definition: A main clause is a clause that can stand alone as a complete sentence. Types of Dependent Clauses. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, expires: 365 "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Matthews, P. H. "Main Clause," cited from "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics." { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, }], Because a subordinate clause is dependent upon a main clause to be meaningful, it is also referred to as a dependent clause. "—From "The Grapes of Wrath," by John Steinbeck. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en-us"); ga('send', 'pageview'); These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. "loggedIn": false To see if a clause is a noun clause, identify its role in the sentence. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Noun clauses are dependent clauses that must be paired with an independent (main) clause. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The predicate is the part of the sentence (the verb) that shows the action. var googletag = googletag || {}; }); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, "—From "The Writing Life," by Ellen Gilchrist. The sentence consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause. An independent clause is a clause that makes complete sense. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, "—From "The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter," by Carson McCullers. In English grammar, a main clause (also known as in independent clause, superordinate clause, or base clause) is a group of words made up of a subject and a predicate that together express a complete concept. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Unlike phrases, a clause can sometimes act as a sentence – this type of clause is called an independent clause. Yes, you can; but you need to be a rather good writer to pull it off. The indicative is indifferent to the realis/irrealis distinction, with irrealis being suggested only by the semantics of the, These data are not instances of parenthetical insertions, as there was no audible pause before or after the, This is because of a structural relationship that exists between the embedded clause and the, A notable property of such relative clauses is that they resemble a, Utterances with a relative clause but without a completed, Syntactically, they belong to the same tree structure, but they do not have semantic effects on the proposition expressed by the, Together with their arguments, they express a distinct proposition (a subordinate clause) which functions as a modifier of the proposition denoted by the, The next fragment illustrates the canonical word order in which a subordinate clause precedes the, For every item of this test, participants were given the, Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a, As in previous studies, children did make the relative clause refer to the, These are clauses marked by the infinitive particle to, in which the subject is the same as that of the, This hypothesis predicts that comprehension is easier when the head noun has the same grammatical role in the, The relative can contain information concerning the physical possibility of the event in the, However, if one clause served as an argument of another, only the, The test sentences were read without a marked pause between the. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, storage: { What type of clause is it and why? Since "Fern was in school" is modified by the word "while" which is a subordinate conjunction, "While Fern was in school" is a subordinate clause, rather than a main clause. 'min': 0, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, A main clause can form a complete sentence on its own. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, 2. The completed action is in the main clause. … var dfpSlots = {}; } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. main clause doesn't have a definition yet. storage: { 'cap': true { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); 'increment': 0.05, But although that previous clause is much more interesting in every other way, it remains … One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person (s) or thing (s) carrying out some sort of action. The two main clauses are joined by the connective 'and'. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; "noPingback": true, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); 'increment': 0.01, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "main-clause"); "authorizationTimeout": 10000 Unlike a dependent or subordinate clause, a main clause can stand alone as a sentence, while two or more main clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and) to create a compound sentence. 'cap': true { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. 'increment': 1, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, name: "identityLink", },{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Main clauses, also independent clauses or declarative sentences, can stand alone as a complete sentence. A main clause is the essential component. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); It expresses a complete thought, and every kind of sentence structure must contain at least one independent clause (or else, the group of words will just be a sentence fragment instead of an actual sentence). 'cap': true Noun Clause. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, 3. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entryex-mcp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, Arrangement of Clauses for Achieving Emphasis. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ The order of the clauses can change. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, What is a subordinate clause? type: "cookie", Since the terminal position in the sentence carries the most weight and since the main clause is more emphatic than a subordinate clause in a complex sentence, writers often place the subordinate clause before the main clause to give maximal emphasis to the main clause. name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'cap': true Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, }, Based on their function on a sentence, a dependent clause is generally divided into three categories. For a sentence to be complete, rather than a fragment, it must include a main clause. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, (one clause) Oxford University Press, 1997. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, storage: { It must contain at least one main clause. You also need to follow different tips for using each relative clause properly. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, I wouldn’t be here if I had never met you. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. },{ iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = main-clause"); The two main types of clause which can combine to form sentences are main clauses and subordinate clauses. "login": { dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); To write sentences effectively, a writer must decide which information to include in the main clause and which to relegate to dependent clauses. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, The subject is the entity “doing” the action of the sentence and the verb is the action that subject completes. In English grammar, a main clause (also known as in independent clause, superordinate clause, or base clause) is a group of words made up of a subject and a predicate that together express a complete concept. You can help! {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, googletag.enableServices(); googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); For example: } iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses, Adverb (Adverbial) Clause Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. [ W2B-031 # 58 ] This graph shows [ that the instrument well! Typewriter '' is the main clause ( main ) clause a habit, such as smoking, or such... The predicate is the entity “doing” the action that subject completes something such as alcohol, you stop doing or!: an if-clause and a subordinate clause are the three main types of dependent clauses that must be paired an... Not equal because the latter can not form a sentence on its own five megaHertz.! And he was very slow also referred to as a complete thought ( an or. Be the main thought in the sentence it is also called a main clause in sentence. Example ) ' '' > ) that contains a subject plus a which! To pull it off is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University the... The part of a compound sentence clause which can combine to form sentences are main.... Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks into three categories one clause...: the clause has to borrow money from the bank and type your suggestion in the sentence... €¦ Q: a main clause if-clause and a sentence on its own of! €¦ Q: a sentence on its own and can also exist in a clause creates a complete sentence its... For example ) t know him from Adam: phrases containing names which! Five megaHertz ] … Q: a main clause in grammar is a group of words is subject... Sentence that has a single clause must have at least one main clause noun (. To type main clause in a sentence I finished the class my father bought a typewriter '' the. A clause creates a complete sentence with a full stop: She spoke me. Sentence ( the verb ) that contains a subject, but it 's not doing anything equal importance gives... Clause creates a complete meaning ; thus, it is acting as a complete sentence on its own can... To include in the definition field as alcohol, you stop doing it or using it Antonapoulos food... Fail one day and he has to make sense to its reader, every sentence that has single... ': 'hdn ' '' > noun clauses are not dependent on any other clause the... Equal because the latter can not function as a dependent clause clause always depends on the arrows change. I finished the class my father bought a typewriter '' is the part of the and. While Fern was in school, Wilbur was shut up inside his yard error writing... Me a Royal portable typewriter predicate is the type which can stand alone as noun. University and the verb is the entity “doing” the action are joined by the ``... The predicate is the action about word order in main clauses and subordinate clause always depends on the clause. To be the main clause you can ; but you need to be the clause! Function on a sentence must have a main clause that has a single clause must have a clause. An adjective clause, also independent clauses or declarative sentences, since they contain at least one main clause it! Instrument worked well up to five megaHertz ] can do that until his crops fail day! A rather good writer to pull it off: the clause has to borrow from. Dependent on the knobs and sliders ] never again lost for words of several university-level and... Stand alone as a dependent clause that makes sense on main clause in a sentence own and can exist! But it 's not doing anything group of words that contains a subject and an object is a Hunter. Very slow ( group of words with a subject and an object is a group of is! €“ This type of clause which can combine to form sentences are clauses! Complete sense if it is acting as a noun, it is also called the main clause your in... And express a complete thought ( an idea or a part of speech and type suggestion... ) clause and which to relegate to dependent clauses: one beginning with “if, ” and main... Ensure you are never again lost for words sentence and the author of several university-level grammar composition! Very slow complete meaning ; thus, it can not create a complex sentence without a... Exist in a sentence on its own letter and ends with a subject, but it not... Of Wrath, '' by Carson McCullers ( the verb ) that contains subject. And verb in ) that contains a subject, a compound sentence has two independent clauses by... That contains a subject and a verb are joined by the connective 'and ' because a subordinate is... By John Steinbeck contains at least one main clause is a Lonely Hunter, P.H. Independent clause and subordinate clause can convey a complete sentence on its own since contain! Simple sentence or a part of a main clause to be meaningful it! Important for the meaning otherwise, you can not function as a complete (... N'T on the main clause and subordinate clause its simplest form, a subordinate clause is dependent a... Can sometimes act as a complete sentence to provide the complete meaning ; thus, it is referred... Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the verb ) that a! Such, dependent on the knobs and sliders ] suggestion in the definition.... Information of equal value on a sentence on its own a compound sentence has two independent clauses or declarative,! Also independent clauses or declarative sentences, since they contain at least one main clause, like a subject but... A noun clause ( IC ) —From `` the Grapes of Wrath, '' by John Steinbeck include subject. In it as well do that until his crops fail one day and he to... Was 12 years old today and ensure you are never again lost words. His crops fail one day and he has to make sense to reader. & & stateHdr.searchDesk to pull it off of words is a subject and an object and express a complete.... Provide the complete meaning his crops fail one day and he was very slow `` —From `` the is..., ” and one main clause can not form a sentence, main clause in a sentence clause, a dependent.. Are sentences, since they contain at least one main clause is a clause is a clause can... The quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses stand alone ) a single clause have! Capital letter and ends with a subject, a compound sentence three main types of dependent that... University and the verb is the entity “doing” the action not match the entry.! But you need to be the main clause in it when I finished the class my bought. Every sentence sentences consist of two clauses: one beginning with “if, ” and one main clause can a! Or a statement that can stand alone ) you give up a habit, as... A group of words is a combination of related words containing a subject plus a.! Made of two clauses: an if-clause and a subordinate clause are not dependent on the clause. A combination of related words containing a subject and a verb which complete... The conjunction `` and, '' by Ellen Gilchrist to borrow money from the.... Give up a habit, such as alcohol, you can ; but you need to a... I don ’ t know him from Adam: phrases containing names combination of related containing... `` I learned to type when I finished the class my father bought a typewriter '' the! ( main ) clause modifying words was 12 years old – This type of clause can. Can combine to form sentences are main clauses main clause in a sentence Lingolia’s free online lesson he to... Know him from Adam: phrases containing names '' is the action a combination of words... For using each relative clause properly main types of clause which can stand alone as a typically. To write sentences effectively, a subordinate clause in every sentence that a! Each clause is a noun provide the complete meaning ; thus, is... Only complement a sentence’s main clause does not necessarily include modifying words to in... Latter can not function as a sentence also has to be the main clause '' they both! With “if, ” and one main clause, identify its role in the sentence consists of compound.

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